Country: Canada - Victoria Queen
Type: Standard circulation coin
Year: 1859 (1858-1859)
Value: 1 Cent (0.01)
Currency: Canadian dollar (1858-date)
Composition: Bronze (Cu 95%, Sn 4%, Zn 1%)
Weight: 4.4 g
Diameter: 25.4 mm
Orientation: Medal alignment ↑↑
References: KM# 1, Schön# 1 (rare 9 Double Punched Type 1)
Portrait of the very young Queen Victoria wearing a laurel wreath.
VICTORIA DEI GRATIA REGINA.
Engraver: Leonard Charles Wyon , George William de Saulles
Face value and date in wreath made of a vine branch and 16 maple leaves.
Engraver: Leonard Charles Wyon
These coins were used as a measurement standard : One coin diameter was 1 inch. 100 coins weighed one avoirdupois pound (US pound). Several minor variations exist, sometimes not listed in the catalogs.
Due to the high mintage and heavy weight, the coins were unpopular and many remained unused due to low demand. As a result of re-punching and overdates, up to 12 different varieties exist. Many of these varieties are difficult to identify and only some are widely collected and recognised.